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Verse (18:14), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (18:14) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A noun and possessive pronoun. The noun is feminine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is qāf lām bā (ق ل ب). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine plural.

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

their hearts
N – genitive feminine plural noun → Heart
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم مجرور و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (18:14)

The analysis above refers to the fourteenth verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: And We made firm their hearts when they stood up and said, "Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. Never will we invoke besides Him any deity. We would have certainly spoken, then, an excessive transgression.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds