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Verse (16:38), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (16:38) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (16) sūrat l-naḥl (The Bees)

by Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (16:38)

The analysis above refers to the 38th verse of chapter 16 (sūrat l-naḥl):

Sahih International: And they swear by Allah their strongest oaths [that] Allah will not resurrect one who dies. But yes - [it is] a true promise [binding] upon Him, but most of the people do not know.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds