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Verse (15:28), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (15:28) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is mīm lām kāf (م ل ك). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (15) sūrat l-ḥij'r (The Rocky Tract)

to the Angels,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (15:28)

The analysis above refers to the 28th verse of chapter 15 (sūrat l-ḥij'r):

Sahih International: And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds