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Verse (13:13), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (13:13) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḥā mīm dāl (ح م د). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (13) sūrat l-raʿd (The Thunder)


(13:13:3)
biḥamdihi
with his praise -
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (13:13)

The analysis above refers to the thirteenth verse of chapter 13 (sūrat l-raʿd):

Sahih International: And the thunder exalts [Allah] with praise of Him - and the angels [as well] from fear of Him - and He sends thunderbolts and strikes therewith whom He wills while they dispute about Allah ; and He is severe in assault.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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