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Verse (12:40), Word 19 - Quranic Grammar

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The nineteenth word of verse (12:40) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)


(12:40:19)
lillahi
for Allah.
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (12:40)

The analysis above refers to the 40th verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: You worship not besides Him except [mere] names you have named them, you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. Legislation is not but for Allah. He has commanded that you worship not except Him. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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