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Verse (107:1), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (107:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is dāl yā nūn (د ي ن). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (107) sūrat l-māʿūn (Small Kindnesses)

the Judgment?
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (107:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 107 (sūrat l-māʿūn):

Sahih International: Have you seen the one who denies the Recompense?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds