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Verse (18:68) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(18:68:1)
wakayfa
And how can
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
INTG – interrogative noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم استفهام
(18:68:2)
taṣbiru
you have patience
V – 2nd person masculine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(18:68:3)
ʿalā
for
P – preposition
حرف جر
(18:68:4)

what
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(18:68:5)
lam
not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(18:68:6)
tuḥiṭ
you encompass
V – 2nd person masculine singular (form IV) imperfect verb, jussive mood
فعل مضارع مجزوم
(18:68:7)
bihi
of it
P – prefixed preposition bi
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(18:68:8)
khub'ran
any knowledge."
N – accusative masculine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(18:69:1)
qāla
He said,
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(18:69:2)
satajidunī
"You will find me,
FUT – prefixed future particle sa
V – 2nd person masculine singular imperfect verb
PRON – 1st person singular object pronoun
حرف استقبال
فعل مضارع والياء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(18:69:3)
in
if
COND – conditional particle
حرف شرط
(18:69:4)
shāa
Allah wills,
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(18:69:5)
l-lahu
Allah wills,
PN – nominative proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مرفوع
(18:69:6)
ṣābiran
patient,
N – accusative masculine indefinite active participle
اسم منصوب
(18:69:7)
walā
and not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(18:69:8)
aʿṣī
I will disobey
V – 1st person singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(18:69:9)
laka
your
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(18:69:10)
amran
order."
N – accusative masculine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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