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Verse (109:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (109) sūrat l-kāfirūn (The Disbelievers)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(109:1:1)
qul
Say,
V – 2nd person masculine singular imperative verb
فعل أمر
(109:1:2)
yāayyuhā
"O
VOC – prefixed vocative particle ya
N – nominative noun
أداة نداء
اسم مرفوع
(109:1:3)
l-kāfirūna
disbelievers!
N – nominative masculine plural active participle
اسم مرفوع
(109:2:1)

Not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(109:2:2)
aʿbudu
I worship
V – 1st person singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(109:2:3)

what
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(109:2:4)
taʿbudūna
you worship.
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(109:3:1)
walā
And not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(109:3:2)
antum
you
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
ضمير منفصل
(109:3:3)
ʿābidūna
(are) worshippers
N – nominative masculine plural active participle
اسم مرفوع
(109:3:4)

(of) what
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(109:3:5)
aʿbudu
I worship
V – 1st person singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(109:4:1)
walā
And not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(109:4:2)
anā
I am
PRON – 1st person singular personal pronoun
ضمير منفصل
(109:4:3)
ʿābidun
a worshipper
N – nominative masculine indefinite active participle
اسم مرفوع
(109:4:4)

(of) what
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(109:4:5)
ʿabadttum
you worship.
V – 2nd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(109:5:1)
walā
And not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(109:5:2)
antum
you
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
ضمير منفصل
(109:5:3)
ʿābidūna
(are) worshippers
N – nominative masculine plural active participle
اسم مرفوع
(109:5:4)

(of) what
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(109:5:5)
aʿbudu
I worship.
V – 1st person singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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