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Verse (97:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (97:1) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is first person plural. The verb's triliteral root is nūn zāy lām (ن ز ل). The suffix (نا) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is third person masculine singular.

Chapter (97) sūrat l-qadr (The Night of Decree)

revealed it
V – 1st person plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun → Allah
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun → Quran
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (97:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 97 (sūrat l-qadr):

Sahih International: Indeed, We sent the Qur'an down during the Night of Decree.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds