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Verse (93:1), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (93:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḍād ḥā wāw (ض ح و). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (93) sūrat l-ḍuḥā (The Forenoon)

By the morning brightness,
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (93:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 93 (sūrat l-ḍuḥā):

Sahih International: By the morning brightness

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds