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Verse (92:14), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (92:14) is divided into 4 morphological segments. A resumption particle, verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The connective particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is first person singular. The verb's triliteral root is nūn dhāl rā (ن ذ ر). The suffix (التاء) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is second person masculine plural.

Chapter (92) sūrat l-layl (The Night)

So I warn you
REM – prefixed resumption particle
V – 1st person singular (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural object pronoun
الفاء استئنافية
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل والكاف ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (92:14)

The analysis above refers to the fourteenth verse of chapter 92 (sūrat l-layl):

Sahih International: So I have warned you of a Fire which is blazing.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds