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Verse (91:8), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (91:8) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and object pronoun. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is lām hā mīm (ل ه م). The attached object pronoun is third person feminine singular.

Chapter (91) sūrat l-shams (The Sun)

And He inspired it
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
الفاء عاطفة
فعل ماض و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (91:8)

The analysis above refers to the eighth verse of chapter 91 (sūrat l-shams):

Sahih International: And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness,

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds