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Verse (91:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (91:1) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḍād ḥā wāw (ض ح و). The attached possessive pronoun is third person feminine singular.

Chapter (91) sūrat l-shams (The Sun)

and its brightness,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مجرور و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (91:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 91 (sūrat l-shams):

Sahih International: By the sun and its brightness

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds