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Verse (91:1), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (91:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is shīn mīm sīn (ش م س). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (91) sūrat l-shams (The Sun)

By the sun
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive feminine noun → Sun
جار ومجرور

Verse (91:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 91 (sūrat l-shams):

Sahih International: By the sun and its brightness

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