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Verse (90:4), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (90:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. An emphatic prefix and particle of certainty. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "surely" or "indeed" and is used to add emphasis.

Chapter (90) sūrat l-balad (The City)

EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
CERT – particle of certainty
اللام لام التوكيد
حرف تحقيق

Verse (90:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 90 (sūrat l-balad):

Sahih International: We have certainly created man into hardship.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds