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Verse (90:1), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (90:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and demonstrative pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The demonstrative pronoun is masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (90) sūrat l-balad (The City)

by this
P – prefixed preposition bi
DEM – masculine singular demonstrative pronoun
جار ومجرور

Verse (90:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 90 (sūrat l-balad):

Sahih International: I swear by this city, Makkah -

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