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Verse (90:19), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (90:19) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza yā yā (أ ي ي). The attached possessive pronoun is first person plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (90) sūrat l-balad (The City)

in Our Verses,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine plural noun
PRON – 1st person plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (90:19)

The analysis above refers to the nineteenth verse of chapter 90 (sūrat l-balad):

Sahih International: But they who disbelieved in Our signs - those are the companions of the left.

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