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Verse (89:6), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (89:6) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is ʿayn wāw dāl (ع و د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (89) sūrat l-fajr (The Dawn)

with Aad,
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Aad
جار ومجرور

Verse (89:6)

The analysis above refers to the sixth verse of chapter 89 (sūrat l-fajr):

Sahih International: Have you not considered how your Lord dealt with 'Aad -

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds