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Verse (89:5), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (89:5) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (89) sūrat l-fajr (The Dawn)

for those
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine singular noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (89:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 89 (sūrat l-fajr):

Sahih International: Is there [not] in [all] that an oath [sufficient] for one of perception?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds