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Verse (89:24), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (89:24) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḥā yā yā (ح ي ي). The attached possessive pronoun is first person singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (89) sūrat l-fajr (The Dawn)

for my life."
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive feminine noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (89:24)

The analysis above refers to the 24th verse of chapter 89 (sūrat l-fajr):

Sahih International: He will say, "Oh, I wish I had sent ahead [some good] for my life."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds