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Verse (89:18), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (89:18) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form VI imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ḥā ḍād ḍād (ح ض ض). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (89) sūrat l-fajr (The Dawn)

you feel the urge
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form VI) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (89:18)

The analysis above refers to the eighteenth verse of chapter 89 (sūrat l-fajr):

Sahih International: And you do not encourage one another to feed the poor.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds