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Verse (89:12), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (89:12) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is kāf thā rā (ك ث ر). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (89) sūrat l-fajr (The Dawn)

And (made) much
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (89:12)

The analysis above refers to the twelfth verse of chapter 89 (sūrat l-fajr):

Sahih International: And increased therein the corruption.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds