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Verse (88:9), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (88:9) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is sīn ʿayn yā (س ع ي). The attached possessive pronoun is third person feminine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (88) sūrat l-ghāshiyah (The Overwhelming)

With their effort
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (88:9)

The analysis above refers to the ninth verse of chapter 88 (sūrat l-ghāshiyah):

Sahih International: With their effort [they are] satisfied

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds