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Verse (87:17), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (87:17) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A conjunction and noun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The noun is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is bā qāf yā (ب ق ي).

Chapter (87) sūrat l-aʿlā (The Most High)

and everlasting.
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع

Verse (87:17)

The analysis above refers to the seventeenth verse of chapter 87 (sūrat l-aʿlā):

Sahih International: While the Hereafter is better and more enduring.

See Also

2 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

10th August, 2015

(87:17:3) أَبْقَىٰ . It is marked as اسم مرفوع but why not Verb (form IV). How do you


Abdul Rahman

11th August, 2015

One needs to look at the context, at the meaning of the word and any other word connected to it.

Here, it is connected by a conjunction to a nominative noun , khairun, which is the predicate (khabar) of the subject (mubtada') - al-akhiratu (the Hereafter) - of the nominal sentence. So it is more likely to be a noun as well.

The form of the word is that of a comparative noun (adjective) and we can see that is in the context comparing a quality of the Hereafter to that of the "life of this world".

If it was a Form IV perfect verb, then one needs to look for a hidden or implicit object because Form IV verbs are transitive.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds