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Verse (86:11), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (86:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is sīn mīm wāw (س م و). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (86) sūrat l-ṭāriq (The Night-Comer)

By the sky
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (86:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 86 (sūrat l-ṭāriq):

Sahih International: By the sky which returns [rain]

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds