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Verse (85:7), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (85:7) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The form IV active participle is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is hamza mīm nūn (أ م ن). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (85) sūrat l-burūj (The Big Stars)

to the believers
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural (form IV) active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (85:7)

The analysis above refers to the seventh verse of chapter 85 (sūrat l-burūj):

Sahih International: And they, to what they were doing against the believers, were witnesses.

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