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Verse (83:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (83:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The form II active participle is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is ṭā fā fā (ط ف ف). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (83) sūrat l-muṭafifīn (Those Who Deal in Fraud)

to those who give less,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural (form II) active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (83:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 83 (sūrat l-muṭafifīn):

Sahih International: Woe to those who give less [than due],

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds