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Verse (81:23), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (81:23) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza fā qāf (أ ف ق). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (81) sūrat l-takwīr (The Overthrowing)

in the horizon
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun → Horizon
جار ومجرور

Verse (81:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 81 (sūrat l-takwīr):

Sahih International: And he has already seen Gabriel in the clear horizon.

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Language Research Group
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