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Verse (81:22), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (81:22) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and passive participle. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite passive participle is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The passive participle's triliteral root is jīm nūn nūn (ج ن ن). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (81) sūrat l-takwīr (The Overthrowing)

P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite passive participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (81:22)

The analysis above refers to the 22nd verse of chapter 81 (sūrat l-takwīr):

Sahih International: And your companion is not [at all] mad.

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