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Verse (80:24), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (80:24) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, imperative particle and verb. The connective particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "let" and is used to form an imperative construction. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is nūn ẓā rā (ن ظ ر).

Chapter (80) sūrat ʿabasa (He frowned)

Then let look
REM – prefixed resumption particle
IMPV – prefixed imperative particle lām
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, jussive mood
الفاء استئنافية
اللام لام الامر
فعل مضارع مجزوم

Verse (80:24)

The analysis above refers to the 24th verse of chapter 80 (sūrat ʿabasa):

Sahih International: Then let mankind look at his food -

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds