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Verse (7:71), Word 13 - Quranic Grammar


The thirteenth word of verse (7:71) is a second person masculine plural personal pronoun.

Chapter (7) sūrat l-aʿrāf (The Heights)

PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun ضمير منفصل

Verse (7:71)

The analysis above refers to the 71st verse of chapter 7 (sūrat l-aʿrāf):

Sahih International: [Hud] said, "Already have defilement and anger fallen upon you from your Lord. Do you dispute with me concerning [mere] names you have named them, you and your fathers, for which Allah has not sent down any authority? Then wait; indeed, I am with you among those who wait."

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2 messages


10th May, 2011

I was thinking, is there a way we can grammatically account for pronouns like these that come to emphasise the subject? They add nothing to the meaning it's simply stylistic, but it differs from the other pronouns elsewhere in the Qur'an. There is already a direct subject of the verb but أنتم here is the subject reiterated again .... how do we label it? Looking at the meaning: 'names YOU have named them YOU and....' Or do we leave it?


10th May, 2011


This is already accounted for in the treebank, where the pronoun has been given the syntactic role of emphasis (tawkeed). You may want to start looking at the treebank where this is already done for this word in the dependency graph: http://corpus.quran.com/treebank.jsp?chapter=7&verse=71&token=13.

I would suggest that you spend some time looking at the treebank. Most of your suggestions are already included on that page.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds