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Verse (78:30), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (78:30) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A particle of cause, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The particle is used to indicate cause and makes the following verb subjunctive. The imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is dhāl wāw qāf (ذ و ق). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (78) sūrat l-naba (The Great News)

So taste,
CAUS – prefixed particle of cause
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء سببية
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (78:30)

The analysis above refers to the 30th verse of chapter 78 (sūrat l-naba):

Sahih International: "So taste [the penalty], and never will We increase you except in torment."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds