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Verse (77:40), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (77:40) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The form II active participle is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is kāf dhāl bā (ك ذ ب). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (77) sūrat l-mur'salāt (Those sent forth)

to the deniers.
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural (form II) active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (77:40)

The analysis above refers to the 40th verse of chapter 77 (sūrat l-mur'salāt):

Sahih International: Woe, that Day, to the deniers.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds