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Verse (76:4), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (76:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The active participle is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is kāf fā rā (ك ف ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (76) sūrat l-insān (Man)

for the disbelievers
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (76:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 76 (sūrat l-insān):

Sahih International: Indeed, We have prepared for the disbelievers chains and shackles and a blaze.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds