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Verse (75:1), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (75:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is yā wāw mīm (ي و م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (75) sūrat l-qiyāmah (The Resurrection)

by (the) Day
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun → Day of Resurrection
جار ومجرور

Verse (75:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 75 (sūrat l-qiyāmah):

Sahih International: I swear by the Day of Resurrection

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds