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Verse (74:32), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (74:32) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is qāf mīm rā (ق م ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (74) sūrat l-mudathir (The One Enveloped)

By the moon,
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive masculine noun → Moon
جار ومجرور

Verse (74:32)

The analysis above refers to the 32nd verse of chapter 74 (sūrat l-mudathir):

Sahih International: No! By the moon

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds