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Verse (70:1), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (70:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn dhāl bā (ع ذ ب). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (70) sūrat l-maʿārij (The Ways of Ascent)

about a punishment
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (70:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 70 (sūrat l-maʿārij):

Sahih International: A supplicant asked for a punishment bound to happen

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