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Verse (69:9), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (69:9) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The active participle is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is khā ṭā hamza (خ ط أ). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (69) sūrat l-ḥāqah (The Inevitable)

with sin.
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (69:9)

The analysis above refers to the ninth verse of chapter 69 (sūrat l-ḥāqah):

Sahih International: And there came Pharaoh and those before him and the overturned cities with sin.

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