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Verse (69:5), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (69:5) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The active participle is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is ṭā ghayn yā (ط غ ي). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (69) sūrat l-ḥāqah (The Inevitable)

by the overpowering (blast).
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (69:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 69 (sūrat l-ḥāqah):

Sahih International: So as for Thamud, they were destroyed by the overpowering [blast].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds