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Verse (69:4), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (69:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is qāf rā ʿayn (ق ر ع). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (69) sūrat l-ḥāqah (The Inevitable)

the Striking Calamity.
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (69:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 69 (sūrat l-ḥāqah):

Sahih International: Thamud and 'Aad denied the Striking Calamity.

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