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Verse (68:9), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (68:9) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is dāl hā nūn (د ه ن). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

so they would compromise.
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء عاطفة
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (68:9)

The analysis above refers to the ninth verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: They wish that you would soften [in your position], so they would soften [toward you].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds