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Verse (68:31), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (68:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is first person plural. The verb's triliteral root is kāf wāw nūn (ك و ن). The verb (كان) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها). The suffix (نا) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

[we] were
V – 1st person plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم «كان»

Verse (68:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: They said, "O woe to us; indeed we were transgressors.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds