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Verse (68:2), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (68:2) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and passive participle. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite passive participle is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The passive participle's triliteral root is jīm nūn nūn (ج ن ن). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

a madman.
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite passive participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (68:2)

The analysis above refers to the second verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: You are not, [O Muhammad], by the favor of your Lord, a madman.

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