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Verse (68:23), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (68:23) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form VI imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is khā fā tā (خ ف ت). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

lowered (their) voices,
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form VI) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (68:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: So they set out, while lowering their voices,

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds