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Verse (68:23), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (68:23) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The form VII perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is ṭā lām qāf (ط ل ق). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

So they went,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form VII) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (68:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: So they set out, while lowering their voices,

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds