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Verse (68:20), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (68:20) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A particle of cause and verb. The prefixed particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The particle is used to indicate cause and makes the following verb subjunctive. The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person feminine singular. The verb's triliteral root is ṣād bā ḥā (ص ب ح). The verb (اصبحت) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها).

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

So it became
CAUS – prefixed particle of cause
V – 3rd person feminine singular (form IV) perfect verb
الفاء سببية
فعل ماض من اخوات «كان»

Verse (68:20)

The analysis above refers to the twentieth verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: And it became as though reaped.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds