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Verse (68:11), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (68:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn mīm mīm (ن م م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

with malicious gossip,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (68:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: [And] scorner, going about with malicious gossip -

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