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Verse (5:48), Word 11 - Quranic Grammar


The eleventh word of verse (5:48) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A conjunction and active participle. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The indefinite form II active participle is masculine and is in the accusative case (منصوب). The active participle's triliteral root is hā mīm nūn (ه م ن).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

and a guardian
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – accusative masculine indefinite (form II) active participle
الواو عاطفة
اسم منصوب

Verse (5:48)

The analysis above refers to the 48th verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: And We have revealed to you, [O Muúammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth. To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To Allah is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.

See Also

2 messages

Asim Iqbal 2nd

2nd June, 2011


Root should be : hay ya miim nuun

Form should be : Q.I (1st form of the quadriliteral)

Wright's Arabic Grammar Vol1 , page 47 , 48 stating ways a Q is formed

Wright's Arabic Grammar Vol1 , page 67, 68 haymana treated as a quadriliteral.

Wright's Arabic Grammar Vol1 , page 36 also includes it as a quadriliteral

Wright's Arabic Grammar Vol1 , page 300 for active particple's form

Books like Lane sometimes list roots under 3 letter root or 2 letter root heading e.g. Lane lists triliteral roots in which 2nd and 3rd letter are same as 2 letters, that doesn't make root as 2 letters, i.e. we should look at actual weights to get roots, not headings in lexicons.

Similarly Lane lists the quad root tuay miim alif nuun under heading tuay miim nuun but himself calls tuay miim alif nuun derivative as quadriliteral under the same heading.

Regarding form II of the triliteral with hay miim nuun it is impossible to get muhaymin using it as it will give muhammin not muhaymin and it is not possible to add additional ya in it by any rule.

Abdul Rahman

2nd June, 2011

I agree with the above.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds