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Verse (5:31), Word 20 - Quranic Grammar


The twentieth word of verse (5:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A particle of cause and verb. The prefixed particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The particle is used to indicate cause and makes the following verb subjunctive. The form III imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is first person singular and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is wāw rā yā (و ر ي).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

and hide
CAUS – prefixed particle of cause
V – 1st person singular (form III) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
الفاء سببية
فعل مضارع منصوب

Verse (5:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: Then Allah sent a crow searching in the ground to show him how to hide the disgrace of his brother. He said, "O woe to me! Have I failed to be like this crow and hide the body of my brother?" And he became of the regretful.

See Also

5 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

20th May, 2015

The Dependency Treebank from (5:31:20) to (5:31:22) does not seem to be right فَأُوَارِيَ سَوْءَةَ أَخِي. Should it not be similar to يُوَارِي سَوْءَةَ أَخِيهِ ?

Abdul Rahman

23rd May, 2015

يُوَارِي سَوْءَةَ أَخِيهِ That is dealt with under 5:31:9 to 5:31:11. Please refer to the dependency graph for those words.

Maqbool Ahmad

25th May, 2015

My question is what makes them different. i.e in one case hidden zameer هو is فاعل and in the other case فاعل is zahir. Also in one case one مركب اضافى and in other case مركب اضافى is compound.

Abdul Rahman

29th May, 2015

Yes, you are right.There is inconsistency in the way the graphs are drawn.They should be similar.

Abdul Rahman

29th May, 2015

In this case the فاعل is أنا., which is hidden.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds