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Verse (55:56), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (55:56) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and object pronoun. The attached object pronoun is third person feminine plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (55) sūrat l-raḥmān (The Most Gracious)

In them
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person feminine plural object pronoun
جار ومجرور

Verse (55:56)

The analysis above refers to the 56th verse of chapter 55 (sūrat l-raḥmān):

Sahih International: In them are women limiting [their] glances, untouched before them by man or jinni -

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2 messages


7th August, 2014

Just curious, why does ayahs 56 and 70 starts with "fiihinna" , while the rest in this passage starts with "fiihimaa"? Does "hinna" and "hiimaa" refer to different objects?

Abdul Rahman

30th August, 2014

According to Ibn Kathir in his Tafseer, the feminine plural pronoun (hinna) here (55:56:1) refers to furushin (beds, couches) in 55:54:3, and the same pronoun in 55:70:1 refers to khiyaam (pavilions) in 55:72:4; whereas fii hima refers to the "two gardens" mentioned earlier.

Other commentators however seem to view the "two gardens" as belonging to each of the blessed soul, and fiihinna therefore refers to all the gardens of paradise as a whole. Both interpretations seem to be equaly valid. And Allah knows best.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds